The map illustrates the present orientation of the German fleet of power stations, which is primarily based on conventional sources of energy (hard and brown coals, natural gas, oil, nuclear power etc.). Phasing out nuclear power and the energy turnaround initiated in 2010 will lead to a reorientation of the complete fleet of power stations towards an energy supply based mainly on renewable energy sources.
Validity of the data
The Federal Environment Agency updates the map „Power stations and interconnected networks in Germany“ annually.
Types of power stations
- Lignite-fired power stations as typical baseload power stations with bad short-term controllability of power output produce power in direct vicinity to the lignite deposits in the Rhenish, Helmstedt and Lusatian mining areas and in central Germany.
- Run-of-river power stations produce power in the baseload range; some stations are, however, adjustable at fluctuations in demand at short notice. They concentrate along the courses of rivers in southwest Germany. In contrast, pumped storage power stations use water as energy storage for compensating oversupply and peak demands.
- Nuclear power stations produce baseload electricity, are adjustable only insignificantly at short notice and are mainly situated in the old federal states without North Rhine-Westphalia. Decisive for the location is the direct proximity to a large river because of the high need for cooling water.
- Hard-coal power stations which are mainly used in the medium-load range and belong to the backup power stations produce electricity in the hard-coal mining areas (Ruhr coal basin and Saar region), in the coastal regions and along the inland waterways, since economical transport facilities are available for the hard coal there.
- Gas power stations and gas and steam turbine power stations that are used in the peak and medium-load range are becoming increasingly important. These plants are partly adjustable very quickly and are represented in the entire Republic.
- Fuel oil power stations produce almost exclusively peak-load electricity for compensating short-term fluctuations in demand for electricity and therefore have only extremely small electricity generation quantities.
- Wind energy power stations that are predominantly situated in the north half of Germany and there particularly in the coastal regions are widely spread. Since the power production of wind power stations depends on the weather conditions, they do not feed energy into the network continuously. If wind blows, they are, however, controllable very quickly.